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Du diplomate au citoyen. Etudes sur la politisation du Monde diplomatique et de ses lecteurs (1954-2008).

Abstract : This work on the politicization of the monthly newsletter le Monde Diplomatique and its readers is based on three main themes. The first presents three strategies for bypass an object that, before the 1970s, was not invested by its employees with a meaning distinct from that of the daily newspaper in which it was created, Le Monde, and that was not necessarily perceived by its readers as a political newspaper. Recognized in the 2000s as one of the main actors of French anti-globalization, this monthly magazine was originally aimed at the public of embassies and international institutions. In order to understand its evolution, a first strategy consisted in directing our attention towards the first decades of the monthly magazine, then directed by François Honti, to study the process of the increasing empowerment of the newsletter vis-à-vis the world, under the leadership of Claude Julien. This detour shows how the monthly magazine, from a space of relegation (1950-1970), takes on the characteristics of a space of consecration (1980 and 1990), but on the margins of left-wing currents and organizations. Secondly, the analysis focused on the genealogy of the ideology to which the monthly magazine has long been associated, Third Worldism. A soft category, a real political stigma, Third Worldism has never actually been endorsed by the monthly magazine. Finally, it is the reception processes that are the focus of attention, with a particular interest in the readers gathered within the Association of Friends of le Monde diplomatique, since the mid-1990s, and in its difficulty in finding its place in relation to the Attac association, also created by the monthly magazine. These bypass strategies showed that the success of Le Monde diplomatique was based on four factors. As much as it is politicized, this monthly magazine is "scientificized" by calling on economists and historians (1970-1980) and then sociologists (1990-2000). In other words, the monthly magazine's commitment is as much journalistic as it is scientific, as shown by the careers of its closest collaborators (Claude Julien, Ignacio Ramonet or Bernard Cassen). Secondly, the diplomatic world has been able to base its development on the economic structure of its parent company, the World, and on an organization of work that gives pride of place to freelancers. The success of the newsletter is also based on its ability to mix business logic and donation logic, as demonstrated by the creation of its association of readers. Finally, this newspaper owes its commercial success to the plurality of uses offered by its content, geared towards international news. For part of its readership, le Monde diplomatique is not in fact a political newspaper, but covers a gradient of readings more or less invested.
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 28, 2019 - 10:47:46 AM
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Maxime Szczepanski. Du diplomate au citoyen. Etudes sur la politisation du Monde diplomatique et de ses lecteurs (1954-2008).. Science politique. Université de Picardie Jules Verne, 2009. Français. ⟨tel-01676839⟩

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