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Du japonisme à l’asiatisme : une céramique de demi-luxe pour tous (France, 1861-1939)

Abstract : The economic growth of manufacturing earthenware and porcelain in the province triggered a flourishing industrial standard in the decorative arts. The Beautiful and Industry are the two new values inseparable, celebrated by the production of French ceramics until the end of the first half of the twentieth century. Manufacturers want to provide quality products at lower costs to all classes. Improvements in ceramic materials and technical casting, as well as lowering the cost of decorative techniques, have encouraged the opening up the hierarchy of decorative arts. These new technical processes took part in the improvement of living conditions of the bourgeoisie and smaller classes. Japanese style productions were large-scale diffused in bourgeois interiors since 1860’s. These works fall into a broader context: the large-scale pottery production, implemented by factories in Paris and the provinces throughout the period, including during the interwar period. Industrialization brings to market products that must seek the attention of all classes. These inexpensive items had to correspond to aesthetic and practical heterogeneous criterion. By focusing on the same style as collective motion, such as shape and decoration, the different environments provided producers a direction to follow in models making. Business strategy of manufacturing has been designed accordingly. The ceramics “curio”, easy to handle, illustrates the representations of an imagined and apprehended country in a collective way thanks to exhibitions, movies, plays and literature. These representations contribute to the emergence of an urban popular culture whose commercial character is clearly assumed. This ceramics is part of the universe of “kitsch” as mass communications used by the middle class.
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Sabine Pasdelou. Du japonisme à l’asiatisme : une céramique de demi-luxe pour tous (France, 1861-1939). Art et histoire de l'art. Université Paris Nanterre, 2016. Français. ⟨tel-01674417⟩

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