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L’analyse des transferts d’eau inter-bassins au défi des conflits et de la justice environnementale. Le cas du fleuve São Francisco (Nordeste du Brésil).

Abstract : The analysis of massive inter-basin water transfers has been scarcely developed within the discipline of economics. Though, this kind of hydraulic engineering is bound to be ever more widepsread in the 21st century, in particular in developing and emerging economies. We propose an analysis of a water transfer project in Norhteastern Brazil from an ecological economic point of view. We especially investigate the socio-environmental conflicts that take place around this megaproject. In the first place, we characterise Brazil's current style of economic development at the turn of the century, as well as the dynamics of water sector reforms. From such an analysis, we draw a stylised presentation of the water-economy nexus which we deem necessary for the understanding of the project. We then discuss the scope and limits of economic approaches (welfare economics, sustainability economics) to the assessment of large scale water projects. We put an emphasis on the specific features of massive inter-basin water transfers and we propose a suitable economic framework. In a third part, we analyse the socio-environmental conflicts that took place in relation with the transfer project. We propose an environmental justice analysis as well as an institutionalist modeling of the conflict and its impacts.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01674181
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Philippe Roman. L’analyse des transferts d’eau inter-bassins au défi des conflits et de la justice environnementale. Le cas du fleuve São Francisco (Nordeste du Brésil).. Economies et finances. Université Paris-Saclay, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015SACLV004⟩. ⟨tel-01674181⟩

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