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Développement de nouvelles réactions de trifluorométhylation photocatalysées : difonctionnalisation vicinale d'alcènes

Abstract : Over the past decade, organic fluorine chemistry has attracted wide interest due to the unique nature of this halogen which modifies the physicochemical properties of molecules. Numerous fluorinated compounds are nowadays used in medicine and crop science. These features have stimulated the development of new strategies for the efficient introduction of fluorine, especially the trifluoromethyl group into organic molecules. Among the contemporary methods, visible-light photoredox trifluoromethylation of alkenes is an efficient and attractive strategy. This first aim was to develop a methodology giving rise to original β-trifluoromethylamines. We could efficiently perform a photocatalyzed α-β-difunctionalization of enecarbamates through a three-component reaction between enecarbamates, Togni reagent, and a nucleophile: alcohol, cyanide or azide. Another approach uses styrenes, which are commercially available compounds or easily accessible. The nitrogen atom was introduced by concomitant addition of a CF₃ group and an azido or amino function. The second project of my PhD was to extend this methodology to aromatic or heteroaromatic nucleophiles leading to the formation of 1,1 diarylalkane derivatives, which are present in many biologically active products. Changing the nucleophilic partner to halogen (chlorine, bromine or iodine) is also very effective. Finally, the photoredox-mediated process has been applied to the synthesis of 1,3-dihydroisobenzofurans, commonly named phthalans and their nitrogen analogs: 1,3-isoindolines.
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Aude Carboni. Développement de nouvelles réactions de trifluorométhylation photocatalysées : difonctionnalisation vicinale d'alcènes. Chimie organique. Université Paris-Saclay, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015SACLS110⟩. ⟨tel-01674178v2⟩

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