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Étude fonctionnelle du collagène XV-B dans le développement du système neuromusculaire du poisson zèbre

Abstract : The extracellular matrix (ECM) provides positional information to guide motoneuron axons toward their muscle target. Collagen XV is a basement membrane component encoded by two paralogs in zebrafish, col15a1a and col15a1b. My PhD project consisted in the characterization of the expression pattern of the col15a1b paralog during development and in the analysis of the in vivo function of this paralog in developing zebrafish embryos. Interestingly, we showed that col15a1b paralog is expressed by slow muscle precursors that represent an important source of the ECM path. Using newly generated antibodies to collagen XV-B (COLXV-B), we found that COLXV-B paves the trajectory of motor axons. Loss and gain of function experiments showed that col15a1b expression and extracellular organization depends respectively on Hedgehog and unplugged/MuSK signaling. Col15a1b knockdown weakly affected slow muscle differentiation but provoked primary and secondary motoneuron axons truncation or pathfinding errors at the choice point where pathway selection takes place. This resulted in muscle atrophy and compromised swimming behavior. Our data identified an unexpected role for COLXV-B as an unplugged/MuSK-dependent cue that paves the axonal motor path to guide the decision of axons at the choice point. The conserved syntheny, the broad expression pattern of col15a1b similar to COL15A1 ortholog and the conservation of the primary sequence of COLXV-B with the mammalian counterparts suggested that the human protein COLXV could display similar function and represent a gene candidate for neuromuscular disorders
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Emilie Guillon. Étude fonctionnelle du collagène XV-B dans le développement du système neuromusculaire du poisson zèbre. Biologie cellulaire. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014LYO10123⟩. ⟨tel-01674160⟩

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