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Specific and redundant roles of the Tead family of transcription factors in myogenic differentiation of C2C12 cells and primary myoblasts in vitro

Abstract : The Tead family of transcription factors recognise the MCAT element found in thepromoters of muscle-specific genes. Genetic analysis of their function in muscledifferentiation has proved elusive likely due to redundancy amongst the family members.We previously used shRNA-mediated silencing to show that loss of Tead4 function resultedin abnormal differentiation characterised by the formation of shortened myotubes. ChIP-chipcoupled to RNA-seq data identified a set of potential target genes that are either activatedor repressed by Tead4 during differentiation. In this study, we have used siRNA-mediatedsilencing to address the role of the Tead factors in primary myoblast differentiation. Incontrast to C2C12 cells where Tead4 plays a critical role, its silencing in primary myoblastshad little effect on their differentiation. Silencing of individual Tead factors had no significanteffect on primary myoblast differentiation, whereas combinatorial silencing led to inhibitionof their differentiation indicating redundancy amongst these factors. In C2C12 cells also,combinatorial Tead silencing had much more potent effects than silencing of Tead4 aloneindicating a contribution of other Teads in this process. By integrating Tead1 and Tead4ChIP-seq data with RNA-seq data following combinatorial Tead1/4 silencing, we identifydistinct but overlapping sets of Tead regulated genes in both C2C12 cells and primarymyoblasts. We also integrated the Tead1/4 ChIP-seq data with public data sets on Myogand Myod1 ChIP-seq and chromatin modifications to identify a series of active regulatoryelements bound by Tead factors alone or together with Myog and Myod1. These datadissect the specific and combinatorial functions of these transcription factors in muscledifferentiation regulatory networks.
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 11, 2018 - 11:45:35 AM
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Shilpy Joshi. Specific and redundant roles of the Tead family of transcription factors in myogenic differentiation of C2C12 cells and primary myoblasts in vitro. Embryology and Organogenesis. Université de Strasbourg, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015STRAJ093⟩. ⟨tel-01673817v2⟩

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