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Comprehensive transcriptome profiling of root-knot nematodes during plant infection and characterisation of species specific trait

Abstract : Root-knot nematodes (RKN) are obligate endoparasites that maintain a biotrophic relationship with their hosts inducing specialized feeding cells. My PhD project aims to identify RKN genes specifically involved in plant parasitism with an emphasis on genes encoding new secreted proteins, named effectors. Using Illumina RNA-seq technologies, we compared transcriptomes of Meloidogyne incognita during its life cycle. From 307 genes over-expressed at -at least- one stage of the life cycle, we selected 14 effector candidates. RT-qPCR, in situ hybridisation and siRNA soaking experiments were carried out to confirm their expression profile, localize the spatial expression of these candidates in the nematode and to study their role in pathogenicity. The silencing of the dorsal gland specific-Minc18876 gene and its paralogues resulted in a significant, reproducible decrease in the number of egg masses, demonstrating a potentially important role for the small cysteine-rich effector, MiSCR1, it encodes in early stages of giant cell formation. In parallel, we perform a de novo assembly of M. enterolobii transcriptome. This RKN species represents a new threat for the agriculture worldwide because of its ability to reproduce on the majority of known RKN-resistant plants. First comparisons with others RKN allowed us to identify, not only the common set of effectors, but also those specific to some RKN species and possibly involved in host range differences. In conclusion, the transcriptome profiling of RKNs allowed the characterisation of new candidate effectors involved in the plant pathogenicity, and provided a better knowledge for the development of new methods to control these pests
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Chinh Nghia Nguyen. Comprehensive transcriptome profiling of root-knot nematodes during plant infection and characterisation of species specific trait. Agricultural sciences. Université Côte d'Azur, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016AZUR4124⟩. ⟨tel-01673793⟩

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