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Contribution à la modélisation biofidèle de l’être humain par la prise en compte des interactions fluide-structure

Abstract : The purpose of this work is to improve the biofidelity of the human body models. The work is focused on the human head as it is one of the most injured part. In order to improve the traumatic brain injury onset and mechanism, the biofidelity of the head models has to be increased, thus, the fluids embedded inside the head has to be taken into account. Nevertheless, the modelling of the interactions occurring between the viscous corporal fluids and the soft matter as the brain remains a challenge. This study intends to investigate the fluid-structure interactions between a soft structure and a fluid. Firstly, in order to found the most relevant methods to solve the problem, a deep literature survey has pointed-out all the numerical methods available nowadays. Secondly, in a previous PhD work an experimental test has been carried-out to demonstrate the influence of the cerebrospinal fluid on the brain kinematics under dynamical load case. On one hand, the Silicon Sylgard 527 gel used as brain substitut has been characterized . Subsequently the partitioned coupling methods available in LS-Dyna ICFD have been assessed to model the experiment. Although, the previous characterized gel model has been used, the experiment has been unsuccessfully completed. Accordingly, it has been decided to develop an in-house coupling code. Thirdly, a partitioned coupling code has been developed. It is a middleware in C++ between two well establishing solvers OpenFOAM and LS-Dyna respectively for the fluid and the solid. Because there is very few experimental tests for the coupling code validation, it has been carried-out in this work a fluid-structure interaction experiment involving a soft plate in a wind channel. This appealing experiment allows the scientific community to validate easily their coupling algorithms. Subsequently, the developed coupling code is used to model the wind channel. The results depict a good overall agreement between the experiment and the simulation. Nonetheless, in order to get validated results further investigation are required mainly about the flow modelling.
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Benoît Fontenier. Contribution à la modélisation biofidèle de l’être humain par la prise en compte des interactions fluide-structure. Imagerie médicale. Université de Valenciennes et du Hainaut-Cambresis, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016VALE0020⟩. ⟨tel-01668571⟩

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