Théorie spectrale d'opérateurs symétrisables non compacts et modèles cinétiques partiellement élastiques

Abstract : This thesis is devoted to spectral theory of party elastic neutron transport equations introduced in 1974 by physicists E. LARSEN W and PF ZWEIFEL. The collision operator is then the sum of an inelastic part (corresponding to classical neutron transport models) and an elastic part that induces new spectral phenomena to be studied. The objective of this thesis is the analysis of their asymptotic spectrum (the part of the discrete spectrum that determines the time asymptotic behavior of the associated Cauchy problems). The spectral study of these partly elastic models involves spectral properties of bounded non-compact and symmetrizable operators. Thus the first part of the thesis deals with spectral theory of non compact symmetrizable operators on Hilbert spaces. We give a series of functional analytic results on these operators. In particular we give a method which provides us with all the real eigenvalues located outside the essential spectral disc and provide variational characterizations of these eigenvalues. The second part of the thesis focuses on spectral analysis of partly elastic isotropic and space homogeneous kinetic models (i.e. the cross sections depend only on speed modulus). Among other things, we show that the asymptotic spectrum consists at most of isolated eigenvalues with finite algebraic multiplicity. We also show that this point spectrum is real. Further we show that the number of real eigenvalues of the partly elastic transport operator increases indefinitely with the size of the spatial domain. We show also that all these eigenvalues tend to the spectral bound of the space homogeneous partly elastic operator when the size of domain tends to infinity. Most of these results are also extended to anisotropic models.
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Yahya Mohamed. Théorie spectrale d'opérateurs symétrisables non compacts et modèles cinétiques partiellement élastiques. Analyse classique [math.CA]. Université de Franche-Comté, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015BESA2044⟩. ⟨tel-01668563⟩

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