Collaborative Content Distribution over a VNF-as-a-Service platform

Abstract : The constant rise of Over-The-Top video consumption nowadays challenges the current Internetarchitecture. As an overwhelming majority of the bandwidth today is dedicated to the deliveryof video contents, Internet actors such as Content Providers, Content Delivery Network, InternetService Providers are forced to optimize their networks to support the Quality of Experience expectedby the End-Users . Such costly specialized networks participate to the so-called "ossification" of theInternet whichmakes the architecture harder to update, as the placement and dimensioning of linksand middleboxes may be hard to change in the future to support new use cases. Fortunately, thetrend of Virtualizating and Softwarizing the networks pushed by major Telco operators, vendors andstandardization bodies has given hopes that the computing and networking infrastructure can beeasily re-purposed. The agility promoted by technologies such as Network Function Virtualizationand Software Defined Networking makes it possible for middleboxes to be deployed as VirtualNetwork Functions that can run on "commercial off-the-shelf" hardware while having the networkmanaged by a logically centralized controller deploying network configurations on programmableforwarding devices.The goal of this thesis is to show how content distribution can be collaboratively improved thanksto Network Softwarization. First, we propose CDN-as-a-Service (CDNaaS), a complete solution tovirtualize a Content Delivery Network on top of a VNF-as-a-Service platform, adopted and evaluatedat large scale in the FP7 T-Nova European project. We elaborate on the interfaces, architecture anddesign choices made to implement the platform to support performance, automatic scaling andre-usability. Then, we propose two collaboration models allowing the content delivery actors to workjointly on improving End-User Quality of experience while fostering a healthy competition and a fairbalance of revenue. Finally, we study the challenges of NFV resource allocation for the vCDN serviceand propose several heuristics and algorithms to optimize the proposed solution in a cost-effectiveway. This thesis paves the way towards a collaborative content distribution allowing End-Users toaccess their content with the highest standards while contributing to a sound development of theInternet.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 20, 2017 - 10:17:18 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 30, 2019 - 3:04:38 AM

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Nicolas Herbaut. Collaborative Content Distribution over a VNF-as-a-Service platform. Networking and Internet Architecture [cs.NI]. Université de Bordeaux, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017BORD0738⟩. ⟨tel-01668553⟩

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