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Eigenvalue Based Detector in Finite and Asymptotic Multi-antenna Cognitive Radio Systems

Abstract : In Cognitive Radio, Spectrum Sensing (SS) is the task of obtaining awareness about the spectrum usage. Mainly it concerns two scenarios of detection: (i) detecting the absence of the Primary User (PU) in a licensed spectrum in order to use it and (ii) detecting the presence of the PU to avoid interference. Several SS techniques were proposed in the literature. Among these, Eigenvalue Based Detector (EBD) has been proposed as a precious totally-blind detector that exploits the spacial diversity, overcome noise uncertainty challenges and performs adequately even in low SNR conditions. The first part of this study concerns the Standard Condition Number (SCN) detector and the Scaled Largest Eigenvalue (SLE) detector. We derived exact expressions for the Probability Density Function (PDF) and the Cumulative Distribution Function (CDF) of the SCN using results from finite Random Matrix Theory; In addition, we derived exact expressions for the moments of the SCN and we proposed a new approximation based on the Generalized Extreme Value (GEV) distribution. Moreover, using results from the asymptotic RMT we further provided a simple forms for the central moments of the SCN and we end up with a simple and accurate expression for the CDF, PDF, Probability of False-Alarm, Probability of Detection, of Miss-Detection and the decision threshold that could be computed and hence provide a dynamic SCN detector that could dynamically change the threshold value depending on target performance and environmental conditions. The second part of this study concerns the massive MIMO technology and how to exploit the large number of antennas for SS and CRs. Two antenna exploitation scenarios are studied: (i) Full antenna exploitation and (ii) Partial antenna exploitation in which we have two options: (i) Fixed use or (ii) Dynamic use of the antennas. We considered the Largest Eigenvalue (LE) detector if noise power is perfectly known and the SCN and SLE detectors when noise uncertainty exists.
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Hussein Kobeissi. Eigenvalue Based Detector in Finite and Asymptotic Multi-antenna Cognitive Radio Systems. Autre. CentraleSupélec; Université Libanaise, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016CSUP0011⟩. ⟨tel-01668542⟩

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