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Sur quelques modèles hétérogènes en mécanique des fluides

Abstract : This thesis is devoted to the mathematical analysis of heterogeneous models raised by fluid mechanics. In particular, it is devoted to the theoretical study of partial differential equations used to describe the three main models that we present below.Initially, we are interested to study the motion of a compressible newtonienfluids in a basin with degenerate topography. The mathematical model studied derives from incompressible Navier-Stokes equations. We are interested to prove that the Cauchy problem associated is well posed. Well-posedness means that there exists a solution, that it is unique. In the meantime, we prove that the solution of the viscous model converges to the one of the inviscid limit model when the viscosity coe cient tends to zero.The second part in my thesis is devoted to study a model that arises from dispersive Navier-Stokes equations (that includes dispersive corrections to the classical compressible Navier-Stokes equations). Our model is derived from the last model assuming that the Mach number is very low. The obtained system is a Ghost eect system, which is so named because it can be derived from Kinetic theory. The main goal of this part is to extend a result concerning the local existence of strong solution to a global-in time existence of weak solutions. The main ingredient in this work is a new functional inequality of Log-Sobolev type.The last part of my thesis is a part of a research theme intends to analyze the understanding of phenomena encountered in geophysics which involves granular media. The mathematical model is of Bingham incompressible type with viscosity and placticity depending on the pressure. We provide a global existence of weak solutions of the Cauchy problem associated.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 20, 2017 - 10:08:04 AM
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Bilal Al Taki. Sur quelques modèles hétérogènes en mécanique des fluides. Equations aux dérivées partielles [math.AP]. Université Libanaise. Faculté des Sciences (Beyrouth, Liban), 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016GREAM057⟩. ⟨tel-01668531⟩



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