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Detection of Freezing of Gait in Parkinson's disease

Abstract : Freezing of Gait (FoG) is an episodic phenomenon that is a common symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD). This research is headed toward implementing a detection, diagnosis and correction system that prevents FoG episodes using a multi-sensor device. This particular study aims to detect/diagnose FoG using different machine learning approaches. In this study we validate the choice of integrating multiple sensors to detect FoG with better performance. Our first level of contribution is introducing new types of sensors for the detection of FoG (telemeter and goniometer). An advantage in our work is that due to the inconsistency of FoG events, the extracted features from all sensors are combined using the Principal Component Analysis technique. The second level of contribution is implementing a new detection algorithm in the field of FoG detection, which is the Gaussian Neural Network algorithm. The third level of contribution is developing a probabilistic modeling approach based on Bayesian Belief Networks that is able to diagnosis the behavioral walking change of patients before, during and after a freezing event. Our final level of contribution is utilizing tree-structured Bayesian Networks to build a global model that links and diagnoses multiple Parkinson's disease symptoms such as FoG, handwriting, and speech. To achieve our goals, clinical data are acquired from patients diagnosed with PD. The acquired data are subjected to effective time and frequency feature extraction then introduced to the different detection/diagnosis approaches. The used detection methods are able to detect 100% of the present appearances of FoG episodes. The classification performances of our approaches are studied thoroughly and the accuracy of all methodologies is considered carefully and evaluated
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Submitted on : Monday, December 18, 2017 - 10:31:06 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01666147, version 1

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Ali Saad. Detection of Freezing of Gait in Parkinson's disease. Automatic Control Engineering. Université du Havre, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016LEHA0029⟩. ⟨tel-01666147⟩

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