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Development of characterization methods for thin film solar photovoltaics using time-resolved and hyperspectral luminescence imaging

Abstract : The extensive knowledge on the luminescence of photovoltaic (PV) devices has made it a powerful characterization tool that captures the interest of both research and industrial PV communities. In this thesis, we focus on the luminescence of Cu(In,Ga)Se2-based solar PV. In particular, we explore and revisit the luminescence temporal, spectral and spatial dependencies. This resulted in the development of new luminescence-based characterization methods for this particular PV technology. We show initially that by means of an all-optical, contactless methodology, we are able to detect and localize the metastabilities of this technology. Using a numerical approach based on experimental time-resolved photoluminescence (TRPL) we managed to quantify the trapping defects that are behind these metastabilities. Once quantified, we translated it into absolute losses in the PV performance of the solar cell. By exploring the spatial dependence of the luminescence of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells, we successfully correlated its temporal and spectral aspects based on scanning confocal microscopy and hyperspectral imaging. This allowed us to generalize our previous findings at the global solar cell scale. This part of the thesis helped us better understand one of the fundamental origins behind the spatially inhomogeneous luminescence of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 PV devices. The final part of the thesis was mainly technical and exploratory. In particular, we introduced a new optical technique to the field of PV characterization. It is dedicated to time-resolved fluorescence lifetime imaging (TR-FLIM) which basically consists of acquiring time-resolved luminescence images of the PV device. With this new setup we are now able to spatially resolve, in real-time the charge carrier dynamics of a given PV technology and access its key electronic properties. A first application was made on a GaAs-based solar cell, for which we were able to optically extract the mobility, diffusion length and lifetime of its carriers. Finally, we were also able to estimate the diffusion coefficient of the material and its doping density.
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Submitted on : Monday, December 18, 2017 - 1:05:24 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01666039, version 1

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Gilbert El Hajje. Development of characterization methods for thin film solar photovoltaics using time-resolved and hyperspectral luminescence imaging. Materials Science [cond-mat.mtrl-sci]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016PA066604⟩. ⟨tel-01666039⟩

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