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Hydro-mechanical behavior of deep tunnels in anisotropic poroelastic medium

Abstract : Deep tunnels are often built in the sedimentary and metamorphic foliated rocks which exhibits usually the anisotropic properties due to the presence of the discontinuity. The analysis of rock and liner stresses due to tunnel construction with the assumption of homogeneous and isotropic rock would be incorrect. The present thesis aims to deal with the deep tunnel in anisotropic rock with a particular emphasis on the effects of hydraulic phenomenon on the mechanical responses or reciprocal effects of hydraulic and mechanical phenomena by combining analytical and numerical approach. On that point of view, a closed-formed solution for tunnel excavated in saturated anisotropic ground is developed taking into account the hydromechanical coupling in steady-state. Based on the analytical solution obtained, parametric studies are conducted to evaluate the effects of different parameters of the anisotropic material on the tunnel behavior. The thesis considers also to extend the analytical solution with a time-dependent behavior which takes into account the impact of the pore pressure distribution on mechanical response over time, i.e., one way coupling modeling. In addition, some numerical analysis based on fully-coupled modeling, i.e., two ways coupling, are conducted which are considered as the complete solution for the analytical solution. An application of the closed-form solution on convergence-confinement method is as well referred which can take into account the influence of the tunnel face on the work of the support as well as the massif. The obtained solution could be used as a quick tool to calibrate tunnels in porous media by combining with design approaches such as convergence-confinement method.
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Nam Hung Tran. Hydro-mechanical behavior of deep tunnels in anisotropic poroelastic medium. Other. Université d'Orléans, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016ORLE2037⟩. ⟨tel-01665487⟩

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