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Subspace methods and bio-inspired optimization algorithms for denoising of multidimensionals signals and applications

Abstract : This thesis is devoted to study matrix and tensor ranks of multidimensional signalsand to the development of methods for estimating these ranks in the frameworkof the wavelet transform. For this study, we used the wavelet packet decompositionand the multilinear algebra. A bio-inspired stochastic optimization methodhas been adapted, with the ultimate objective of suppressing noise in multidimensionalimages. In order to ensure this, we have estimated the different values ofthe dimensions of the tensor subspace for all the modes of the coefficients of thewavelet packets.We have applied the proposed denoising methods to various multidimensionalimages: RGB images, multispectral images extracted from hyperspectralimages of metal parts, plant fluorescence images, and multispectral RX images.Finally, a comparative study was carried out with three main types of algorithms: onthe one hand, the Perona-Malik method based on diffusion; Second, the truncationof HOSVD and MWF, and thirdly, a method based on wavelet packet decompositionand MWF, where the dimensions of the signal subspace are estimated by a statisticalcriterion rather than by an optimization method. The results are promising in termsof denoising in grund truth. Ultimately, we achieve an advantageous time savingduring the acquisition of hyperspectral images.
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Submitted on : Friday, December 15, 2017 - 3:37:20 PM
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Abir Zidi. Subspace methods and bio-inspired optimization algorithms for denoising of multidimensionals signals and applications. Signal and Image processing. Ecole Centrale Marseille, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017ECDM0003⟩. ⟨tel-01665140⟩

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