Géo-graphies en mouvements. Pour une Ethnographie des savoirs géographiques à l'école élémentaire

Abstract : Geographical knowledge in primary school is shaped according to a variation in three stages : first, the pulsations of present time, fast-moving, whose school curricula and the concerns they have raised, are the visible part ; then the time of each primary-school teacher, in his classroom, with his pupils, driven by his own geographical knowledge, his spatialities and his representations on what is, what was and what could / should be the teaching of Geo at primary school ; finally, there is the "almost motionless" time of a solid, ancient but essential foundation that responds to the needs of each human being to situate himself spatially to inhabit and be-in-the-world. These three temporalities overlap and, like geological layers, are shifting (made up of divergences and convergences, sliding, cracks and faults, outcrops). They therefore coexist while being dissonant and dysfunctional. However, in the classrooms, in primary school, every day that counts the school year, geography is done. It is therefore the enigma of this coexistence that this thesis proposes to solve. Each of the two volumes (Positives and Negatives) is organized in three movements (three books and three corpus) which can be read autonomously, but it is the whole device designed as a laboratory that allows the outcome of the plot. Material drawn from a participative observation in a Year-5 class (CM1) in Paris, interviews and a survey in the world of teacher blogs. This apparatus has been shaped and elaborated over time of the thesis and delimits the contours an area of social sciences research hybridizing the history and epistemology of geography, methods of anthropology, while mobilizing knowledge related to geography, history, graphic and plastic arts, literature or philosophy. I thus show that it is possible to study knowledge as a process and not to think of it as school knowledge already assigned to it, but as knowledge combining making and speeches that unfold in a whole gestures, words, images and imaginations, routines and techniques. By proposing an Ethnography of geographical knowledge at school, I wanted to build a research method that deviates from the work usually carried out in the field of didactic in order to suggest a different analysis on the knowledge passed and consequently also on what the latter represent for the community of geographers. By proposing to divide the geo prefix and the graphic suffix into two distinct words and to connect them by a dash, I identify by a graphical and semantic process the elementary contemporary of geography, which I thus define as elementary geo-graphies.
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 14, 2017 - 1:06:19 PM
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Alexandra Baudinault. Géo-graphies en mouvements. Pour une Ethnographie des savoirs géographiques à l'école élémentaire. Géographie. Université Lumière Lyon 2, 2017. Français. ⟨tel-01663917⟩

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