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Study of a unidirectional flax reinforcement for biobased composite

Abstract : In this Ph.D work, unidirectional flax fiber composite (UD biobased composite) has been designed and manufactured based on the hot platen press process. Plant fiber composites usually exhibit two regions under tensile load, but three regions have been identified in this work. A phenomenological model, previously developed to describe the tensile mechanical behavior of twisted plant yarn composites, has been tested with the UD biobased composite. We show that the addition of a strengthening phenomenon to the previous model is necessary to simulate correctly the third region. A second mechanical model has also been developed for experimental identification of the effective mechanical properties of flax reinforcement when embeded in matrix. A statistical distribution of local orientation of UD reinforcement was obtained allowing taking the fiber orientation into account. To that end, structure tensor method was applied to optical images of flax ply. Furthermore, this model allows the effect of porosity on mechanical properties to be studied. Both models provide effective forecast of the mechanical behavior of unidirectional flax fiber composite. Besides the mechanic models, sorption behavior of UD flax composite also has been analyzed. Langmuir's model and Fick's model were applied on our UD composite. The results show that the unidirectional configuration of the flax reinforcement promotes the water sorption from the associated composites.
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 14, 2017 - 9:26:07 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 14, 2021 - 9:45:49 AM


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  • HAL Id : tel-01663572, version 1


Haomiao Yang. Study of a unidirectional flax reinforcement for biobased composite. Mechanics of the solides [physics.class-ph]. Normandie Université, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017NORMC226⟩. ⟨tel-01663572⟩



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