Développement du système mixte hydroxypropyl-betacyclodextrine/ liposome en vue de l’encapsulation des constituants des huiles essentielles

Abstract : The main objective of this work was the development of liposomal formulations encapsulating monoterpenes (MT) and phenylpropene (PP). The manuscript contains two main axes: the first axis was oriented to the interaction of HP-ß-CD, MTs and PPs with lipid membranes. The HP-ß-CD interacts with the polar heads and acyl chains of phospholipids and showed a fluidizing effect on liposomes formed with DPPC or Lipoid S100. In addition, the incorporation of HP-ß-CD in the internal aqueous compartment of the liposomes protected them during lyophilization. The studied monoterpenes interact with the choline head group and the alkyl chains of DPPC membrane raising the bilayer’s fluidity. In addition, the most hydrophobic compounds of the series, were more active against E. coli. The second axis was oriented towards the preparation of conventional liposomes and drug-in-cyclodextrin-in-liposomes (ACL). The double loaded technique (double loaded liposomes, ACL2) was applied. Phospholipon 90H or Lipoid S100 were used to prepare liposomes by the ethanol injection method. Vesicles were characterized in terms of size, pdI, zeta potential, morphology, loading rate and drug release kinetics. Anethole (Ane) is used as a model system. Compared to conventional liposomes, ACL and ACL2 improve the loading rate of Ane and reduce Ane release. Liposomes prepared with Lipoid S100 showed the best photostability and loading rate. Lipoid S100 is used to prepare liposomes at large scale by membrane contactor and by pilot scale. The characteristics of the vesicles obtained at laboratory and large scale confirmed the reproducibility of the two methods of preparation
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Riham Gharib. Développement du système mixte hydroxypropyl-betacyclodextrine/ liposome en vue de l’encapsulation des constituants des huiles essentielles. Biochimie, Biologie Moléculaire. Université de Lyon, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LYSE1312⟩. ⟨tel-01663496⟩

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