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Modélisation du comportement des assemblages collés : analyse métrologique et prise en compte des dissipations plastique et visqueuse

Abstract : In the design and manufacture of structures, assembly of components is a crucial step in terms of durability and reliability. Mechanical assembly techniques such as bolting, riveting and welding, among others, have long been traditional. However, advances in the study and analysis of cracks within materials have made it possible to highlight some of their disadvantages as a cause of rupture of these structures through localized stress concentrations and / Mechanical or thermal alteration of the local properties of the assembled parts. Thus, alternative techniques such as structural bonding have been developed which make it possible to eliminate or rather reduce these undesirable effects during assembly, for the little that the process is well controlled. Among the best known advantages, bonding allows, on the one hand, a better transmission and distribution of forces at the interface, thus reducing fatigue damage and increasing the service life of the assembly and, on the other hand, maintain the integrity of the parts to be assembled. Other advantages also arise from the design of structural adhesives which, after the application of physicochemical treatments, make it possible to add thermal, acoustic and sealing properties.Despite these advantages, bonding suffers from a reputation for unreliability due to the lack of tools for predicting the behavior of bonded joints. Indeed, the parameters which influence the interface behavior are numerous and are often sources of variability on the strength of the bonded joint. The study of this toughness of the adhesive joints is carried out by means of crack tests according to different modes of fracture which seek to measure the assembly crack energy. The knowledge of this energy makes it possible to be predictive in most cases on cracks propagation for the little that we are able to describe and predict the interface behavior.From a numerical point of view, numerous techniques and formulations of interface law have been proposed in order to reproduce the interface behavior within the assemblies. Among the latter, that of the cohesive zone laws seems to be one of the most promising ways in terms of modeling and simulation of the interfaces by its local and discrete character. Among the advantages that they provide are the intrinsic consideration of damage and behavior phenomenologies of bonded joint. In addition, numerous studies have been undertaken to identify these cohesive zone laws by comparing observations from crack tests and model outputs where they are used. This identification is done by means of iterative minimization algorithms of a cost function which measures the metric between observations and models outputs. However, little importance is attached, on the one hand, to the sensitivities of the measurement techniques used in relation to the cohesive zone law parameters and, on the other hand, to the uncertainties associated with the identified cohesive zone law parameters. To our knowledge, no work on these two aspects has been conducted and is thus the main purpose of this thesis. [...]
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 13, 2017 - 11:05:33 AM
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Racine Ly. Modélisation du comportement des assemblages collés : analyse métrologique et prise en compte des dissipations plastique et visqueuse. Mécanique [physics]. Université de Bordeaux, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017BORD0604⟩. ⟨tel-01662495⟩

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