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Theses

Modélisation du zooplancton et du micronecton marins

Abstract : Zooplankton and micronecton are the first marine trophic levels. Different by their size (200μm to 2mm for zooplankton, 2 to 20cm for micronekton), this two groups undergo diel vertical migration from depth by day to the surface during the night. These migrations create major organic matter fluxes between the deep ocean and the surface. Biogeochemical cycles are of great importance for climate change studies. These studies are conducted with ocean global circulation model and biogeochemical model. The way to go is develop low and mid-trophic level modelling approaches. SEAPODYM ensemble of models are three parsimonious model of biomass at diverse level of the trophic chain, from zooplankton to top predators. This thesis introduce the zooplankton biomass model SEAPODYM-LTL (lower trophic level) and a forcing fields sensitivity analysis. Indeed, these model are forced off line by currents, temperature and primary production fields produced by other models. SEAPODYM-LTL has also been compared to PISCES (NPZD) and both have similar performance score in this study. In order to improve SEAPODYM-MTL (mid trophic level) predictions, a data assimilation framework has been developed to find a better parameterisation. 38kHz active acoustic data have been used to improve the model. This methodology has been develop thanks to a test case that we present in this thesis. The gathered acoustic dataset permitted to show the need of a better definition of vertical layer depths. It has been developed using the acoustic dataset. The related study is presented in this thesis.
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Anna Conchon. Modélisation du zooplancton et du micronecton marins. Sciences agricoles. Université de La Rochelle, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LAROS011⟩. ⟨tel-01661554⟩

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