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L'évaporation dans le bilan hydrologique des étangs du Centre-Ouest de la France (Brenne et Limousin)

Abstract : The erasure of water bodies (large or small) of the hydrographic continuum is the new French dogma related to the interpretation of the European Water Framework Directive (WFD-2000) in the Water and Environment Act (LEMA-2006). In fact, this strategy is based on ideas that are not based on any exact measure of the influence of the supposedly harmful water bodies on the amount of water flowing into the downstream hydrographic networks. In view of this remarkable paradox between applied regulation and the absence of direct measurements of the evaporation of metropolitan France's ponds, there appears to be a dual need in both basic geography and applied research for a detailed study on evaporation and the water balance of ponds.Methodologically, this study shows that the evaporation floating pan constructed of transparent plastic is the most suitable tool for measuring the evaporation of ponds. Conceptually, intensive field work has led to the development of a new empirical formula ''Aldomany'' that can provide reliable estimates of the evaporation of shallow water bodies at on an annual, monthly and daily basis using only readily available meteorological data. From a management perspective, this study shows that the loss of water caused by apond is similar to that of an oak has the same area and that the statements against the ponds should bere considered, the ponds of La Brenne being partly responsible for the summer low water of the Claise,while the Limousin's ponds play a rather positive role in ensuring a good summer flow of the hydrographic network of this region.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 12, 2017 - 12:35:47 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 4:10:01 AM

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Mohammad Aldomany. L'évaporation dans le bilan hydrologique des étangs du Centre-Ouest de la France (Brenne et Limousin). Géographie. Université d'Orléans, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017ORLE1155⟩. ⟨tel-01661489⟩

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