Comparison between granular and conventional activated sludge for trace metal elements sorption/desorption. Case of copper for landspreading application in France and in Vietnam

Abstract : The spreading of sewage sludge is both ecological and economical in sofar as their quality is controlled and in particular the low level of the heavy metals available. Copper is a very common substance, naturally occurring in the environment, widely used in industry and agriculture. As a result, quantities of copper in the environment have increased, so it has been selected in this study as representing human-induced pollution to assess its mobility in relation to the quality of sludge and soil. 9 different sludges and 2 soils (grass soil from France and paddy soil from Vietnam) were studied as well as granular sludge. A methodology was developed to evaluate the effect of sludge and soil origin on copper leaching ability during sludge application for agricultural activities. Desorption tests in soil-amended sludge columns showed that: a) Whateverthe origin of soil, the centri-dried (BCD), centrifuged (BC), reed-bed (LR) sludges presented a Cu release lower than 2% while filter-pressed (BFP), digested (BD), thickened (BE) and limed (BCh) sludge amended soils increased Cu availability in soil; b) the copper leaching of granular sludge amended grass soil was higher than those measured for conventional sludge samples; c) in paddy soil, landspreading of granular sludge limited the Cu desorption compared to limed (BCh), filter-press (BFP), digested (BD) and centrifuged (BC) sludge samples. Four mechanisms groups are proposed to explain the fate of Cu in soils: 1) the control; 2) the group of Cp1, Cp2, BC, LR and BCD; 3) the group of BCh BD BE and BFP, and 4) the group of granular sludge. It is found that paddy soil containing low organic matter, application of granular sludge orother types such as composted or dried sludge can not only increase the nutrient content but also reduce the leaching capacity of copper.
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Cam Tu Vu. Comparison between granular and conventional activated sludge for trace metal elements sorption/desorption. Case of copper for landspreading application in France and in Vietnam. Earth Sciences. Université de Limoges, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017LIMO0008⟩. ⟨tel-01661473⟩

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