School Resources and Individual Responses : essays in Economics of Education

Abstract : The main objective of this thesis is to study the interdependence of school resources and individual resources in human capital production. In three empirical analyses using French data, various methods arc proposed to evaluate the impact of educational policies, taking individual behaviors into account. The first chapter shows that compensatory education policies may result in individual sorting. The fact that socially more advantaged families tend to avoid treated schools cancels out additional resources positive effects on academic achievement. The second chapter examines whether pupils are constrained by local school supply. We find that opening a new high school increases the proportion of pupils who continue in upper secondary education, particularly in a vocational track. Studying how students evaluate teaching, the third chapter shows that they take contemporaneous information about their grades into account when they evaluate teachers' pedagogical qualities.
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Manon Garrouste. School Resources and Individual Responses : essays in Economics of Education. Economics and Finance. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015PA010010⟩. ⟨tel-01661388⟩

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