Caractérisation de l'adaptation de la glande mamaire des vaches laitières à l'allongement de l'intervalle entre traites

Abstract : This study aimed to enhance knowledge on dairy cows robustness and to enable the identification of adaptable cows through the characterization of the adaptability of the mammary gland, the organ responsible for lactation. The methodology used to characterize the adaptability of the mammary gland consisted in describing inter individual variability in milk yield responses profiles to a perturbation and then identifying phenotypes and/or genotypes that modulated the adaptive characteristics. The mammary gland functioning was challenged by using two different lengthening of milking interval as a perturbation on dairy cows usually milked twice-daily (TDM): a single extended milking interval of 24h (24h-MI) and a 3-wk once-daily milking (ODM). For each of them, the two components of adaptability, resistance and resilience, were estimated by milk yield loss in % when switching cows to 24h-MI or ODM and milk recovery:loss ratio when switching cows back to TDM.Four individual responses profiles, defined by the association of specific resistance and resilience modalities, were found with 3 being common between 24h-MI and ODM. These profiles were characterized by udder compliance (= ability to distend) and mammary inflammation. Milk yield responses were also found to be heritable (h2= 0.32 for milk yield losses and 0.63 for milk yield recovery (kg/d), respectively), so that it could be possible to select animals on these adaptability traits. The genomic regions related to these responses were partly different from regions controlling milk production traits during TDM, so that adapt
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Clémentine Charton. Caractérisation de l'adaptation de la glande mamaire des vaches laitières à l'allongement de l'intervalle entre traites. Biologie animale. Agrocampus Ouest, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017NSARB292⟩. ⟨tel-01661382⟩

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