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Resources allocation in high mobility scenarios of LTE networks

Abstract : Abstract Our thesis focuses on issues related to resources allocation in LTE Networks. In particular the purpose of this study is to design efficient scheduling algorithms to improve the QoS of real time flows in a context of high mobility of the users. To reach this goal, the study has been carried out in two steps. At first, in order to have an expert knowledge of the key facets of LTE scheduling, we conducted the study in a context where the high mobility aspect of the node was not taken into account. This helped not only to critically analyze the literature but also to propose new schemes to improve QoS of real time applications. After that, the high mobility parameter has been added and innovative methods dealing with this context have been designed. Nevertheless due to the existing differences between the downlink and the uplink, the issue was tackled in each of the aforementioned directions. We firstly addressed the problem of improving the scheduling of downlink communications in a context where the high mobility was not taken into account. Two major methods have been designed for this purpose. The first one is an innovative scheme which improves resources assignment in overbooking scenarios by doing a trade-off between fairness, overall system through put and QoS requirements. The second one is an enhanced scheduling scheme which provides strict delay bounds and guarantees very low packet loss rate to multimedia flows. The performance of the proposed schemes have been evaluated by simulations and compared to other schemes in the literature. The analyses demonstrated their effectiveness and showed that they outperformed the existing ones. The second contribution concerned the problem of improving the scheduling of uplink communications in a context where the high mobility was not taken into account. We designed a novel scheduling protocol which improves resources allocation for videotelephony flows and reduces the delay caused by dynamic scheduling. It consists in scheduling such traffics using a semi-persistent strategy associated with a provisioning process. The performance of our proposed method have been evaluated by simulations and results demonstrated its effectiveness by showing that it improved videotelephony flows performance and provided the best QoS support compared to the dynamic scheduling.The last contribution addressed the problem of resources allocation in high mobility scenarios. In this part, the high mobility aspect was taken into account for designing suitable schemes for vehicular scenarios. We proposed in this way two efficient strategies. The first one is a technique which maintains the required level of QoS for supporting video users at high velocities. It consists in identifying depending on the UEs velocity, the minimum CQI reports rate in order to maintain the required QoS. The second proposed strategy is an opportunistic method which improves the performance of high speed video users. With this strategy, more priority are given to the UEs having the highest velocity. Simulations results demonstrated its effectiveness and showed that it improved the QoS support of video users having the highest velocity.
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Jean-Thierry Stephen Avocanh. Resources allocation in high mobility scenarios of LTE networks. Networking and Internet Architecture [cs.NI]. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015USPCD052⟩. ⟨tel-01661372⟩

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