Analyse de stabilité de systèmes à coefficients dépendant du retard

Abstract : Systems with delay-dependent coefficients have been encountered in various applications of science and engineering. However, general and systematic stability analysis is rarely reported in the rich literature on time-delay systems. This thesis is committed to the stability analysis of such class of systems.Stability analysis methods are developed based on the corresponding characteristic equation following a generalized tau-decomposition approach. Given a delay interval of interest, we are able to identify all the critical delay values contained in this interval for which the characteristic equation admits roots on the imaginary axis of the complex plane. Various root crossing direction criteria are proposed to determine whether these characteristic roots move toward the left or the right half complex plane as the delay parameter sweeps through these critical delay values. The number of unstable characteristic roots for any given delay can thus be determined. Our analysis covers systems with a single delay or commensurate delays under certain assumptions. The root crossing direction criteria developed in this thesis can be applied to characteristic roots with multiplicity, or characteristic roots whose locus parametrized by the delay is tangent to the imaginary axis. As an application, it is demonstrated that systems with delay-dependent coefficients can arise from control schemes that use delayed output to approximate its derivatives for stabilization. The stability analysis methods developed in this thesis are tailored and applied to find the delay intervals that achieve a demanded convergence rate of the closed-loop system.
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Chi Jin. Analyse de stabilité de systèmes à coefficients dépendant du retard. Automatique / Robotique. Université Paris-Saclay, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017SACLS411⟩. ⟨tel-01661288⟩

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