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Theses

Analysis of the dystrophin interactome

Abstract : The aim of this project was to systematically identify new interaction partners of the dystrophin protein within differentiated human skeletal muscle cells in order to uncover new roles in which dystrophin is involved, and to better understand how the global interactome is affected by the absence of dystrophin. hTERT/cdk4 immortalized myogenic human cell lines represent an important tool for skeletal muscle research however, disruption of the cell cycle has the potential to affect many other cellular processes to which it also linked. A transcriptome-wide analysis of healthy and diseased lines comparing immortalized lines with their parent primary populations in both differentiated and undifferentiated states testing their myogenic character by comparison with non-myogenic cells found that immortalization has no measurable effect on the myogenic cascade or on any other cellular processes, and that it was protective against the senescence. In this context the human muscle cell lines are a good in vitro model to study the dystrophin interactome. We investigated dystrophin’s interactors using the high-sensitivity proteomics ‘QUICK’ approach. We identified 18 new physical interactors of dystrophin which displayed a high proportion of vesicle transport related proteins and adhesion proteins, strengthening the link between dystrophin and these roles. The proteins determined through previously published data together with the newly identified interactors were incorporated into a web-based data exploration tool: sys-myo.rhcloud.com/dystrophin-interactome, intended to provide an easily accessible and informative view of dystrophins interactions in skeletal muscle.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01659923, version 1

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Matthew Thorley. Analysis of the dystrophin interactome. Cellular Biology. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016PA066619⟩. ⟨tel-01659923⟩

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