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Smart Meter, Feedback et maîtrise de la consommation électrique : Le cas du secteur résidentiel dans la commune de Biot - Alpes Maritimes

Abstract : This thesis aims to study the impact of feedback to households on their ability to control their electricity consumption and was based on an experiment conducted in the field, as part of a project called TicElec (Technologies de l'Information pour une Consommation Electrique Responsable), produced in the town of Biot, in Alpes-Maritimes (a department marked by power supply constraints in cold periods) and associating University, local authorities and a consulting firm. Our problematic which focused on the impact of several types of feedback (inspired by the typology of feedback developed by Darby (2006a)) applied to three groups of consumers over a period greater than six months, showed the existence of different consumer behavior and control of the electricity demand of households studied, more or less marked by the lack of information about their consumption patterns, that is to say, the weak link in energy management strategies. We also have shown that the results depend on the type of transmitted information, the nature and duration of feedback, but in general, the feedback on consumption (direct or indirect) was effective in controlling the application for electricity (by reduction and erasing peak), although the reduction was greater in groups direct feedback by acting on the Curtailment behavior, without triggering Efficiency behavior and Maintenance behavior, given the costs and time of implementation.
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Adnane Kendel. Smart Meter, Feedback et maîtrise de la consommation électrique : Le cas du secteur résidentiel dans la commune de Biot - Alpes Maritimes. Economies et finances. Université Nice Sophia Antipolis, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015NICE0044⟩. ⟨tel-01659918⟩

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