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Electrical impedance tomography for void fraction measurements of harsh two-phase flows : prototype development and reconstruction techniques

Abstract : Recent developments with data acquisition equipment have reduced the time required for image acquisition with electrical tomography, thereby bringing new opportunities for the study of fast-evolving two-phase flows. Amongst the numerous advantages of this imaging technique for multiphase flow related research are non-intrusiveness, high acquisition rates, low-cost and improved safety. A set of electrodes placed on the periphery of the pipe to be imaged is used to impose an electrical excitation and measure the system response. The distribution of phases inside the study volume distorts the electrical field in a characteristic manner. The objective of this thesis is to assess the potential of electrical impedance tomography at high acquisition rate. The first stage consists in developing a prototype sensor and assessing its performance with simplistic experiments. The system architecture employs voltage control of the excitation and therefore does not require the implementation of the conventional voltage-to-current converter module. A novel data collection method, the full scan strategy, is considered and provides correcting factors for the parasitic impedances in the system. The second stage is the image reconstruction from the measurement data. The approach considered in the thesis is to assume that flow regime identification techniques may provide valuable information on the phase distribution that can be injected in the inverse problem for imaging, thereby tackling the challenge of the non-linearity of the inverse problem. A method for horizontal air-water flow regime identification has been elaborated with an electrical capacitance tomography sensor and multiphase flow rig tried and tested. It is being adapted to the fast electrical impedance tomography prototype and upgraded to include vertical flow regimes. In parallel, an image reconstruction method has been developed based on the NOSER algorithm and a pseudo-2D postulate. The analysis of the reconstructed images for a set of benchmark experiments provide insights on the merits and deficiencies of the algorithm and of the prototype.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 6, 2017 - 11:36:17 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, June 10, 2018 - 1:56:01 PM

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Antoine Dupre. Electrical impedance tomography for void fraction measurements of harsh two-phase flows : prototype development and reconstruction techniques. Fluids mechanics [physics.class-ph]. Ecole Centrale Marseille, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017ECDM0005⟩. ⟨tel-01656977⟩

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