La ville en mouvements : circulations, échanges commerciaux et matérialité de la ville : pour une articulation systémique des facteurs d'évolution du tissu urbain parisien entre le XVè et le XIXè siècle

Abstract : In this work, we sought to understand effects of circulations on the Parisian urban fabric between the 15th and the first third of the 19th century, and, in particular, we sought to understand how it is evolving according to the interactions that develop at different scales between the materiality of the city and potentialities of exchange. The mapping of several corpus of planimetric and written data allow us to build our own geohistoric data, while theirs integration in a GIS bas made comparisons of results possible. This way, we were able to highlight different process according to scale choice for forms study, and, every time, to emphasize the particular character of the evolution of materiality of the city nearby traffic flow areas : high density of plots and buildings, frequent resetting of circulations inside blocks, preponderance of commercial activities and faster rhythm of change. These features are the consequence of systemic interactions that develop between buildings, streets and the traffic flow they bear, and lead to a densification of the urban fabric and street resilience. The attractiveness of the traffic flow for commercial activities is, according to us, one of the main factors of this systemic, and because there is little evolution in the operating mode of commercial activities between the 15th and the 19th century in Paris, it is also one of the main factors of morphology stability of urban fabric during this period.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 6, 2017 - 9:59:15 AM
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Léa Hermenault. La ville en mouvements : circulations, échanges commerciaux et matérialité de la ville : pour une articulation systémique des facteurs d'évolution du tissu urbain parisien entre le XVè et le XIXè siècle. Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PA01H006⟩. ⟨tel-01656824⟩

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