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Autodétermination et autorégulation chez des adolescents présentant une déficience intellectuelle : entre caractéristiques environnementales et individuelles : l'apport des fonctions exécutives

Abstract : The aim of this thesis was to increase the understanding of the effect of environmental and individual factors on self-determination and self-regulation among teenagers and young adults with intellectual disability (ID). For this purpose, we have conducted a longitudinal study, among 45 young people with ID to assess the effects of environmental changes (moving from a less to a more integrated setting) and executive functioning on self-determination and self-regulation. Results did not show a significant effect of environmental factors on self-determination (LARIDI; Wehmeyer et al., 2001). With regard to self-regulation, one measure assessing self-regulation in daily life was sensitive to environmental changes (Nader-Grosbois, 2007b) whereas the other selfregulation’s score (LARIDI) was predicted by shifting ability (Wisconsin Card Sorting Test). In another study, we have investigated the relationships between self-regulation, language and executives functions (inhibition, shifting and updating) among 63 young people with ID. Results showed that language, inhibition and updating predicted self-regulation’s performance in our sample. These studies highlighted the significant involvement of language and executive functions in self-regulation, a key dimension of self-determination. Nevertheless, further research is required to define the relationship between these dimensions. Training focusing on executive functions could be efficient to improve self-regulation in people with ID.
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Marine Balle. Autodétermination et autorégulation chez des adolescents présentant une déficience intellectuelle : entre caractéristiques environnementales et individuelles : l'apport des fonctions exécutives. Psychologie. Université Charles de Gaulle - Lille III, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LIL30031⟩. ⟨tel-01655500⟩

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