Conditions d'émergence et développement des collections vestimentaires : patrimonialisation, muséalisation, virtualisation : regards croisés en France - Canada -Québec (XIXe-XXIe siècle)

Abstract : Curious about the unexplained advent of the fashion museum, this study originated with the task of identifying and examining the basic characteristics of the “fashion museum,” which it considers to be a historically specific construct. Since the 1990’s, the fashion museum has asserted itself in the cultural world as a new model of museum. This study inquires into the phenomena that undergirded this flourishing. If this institution first appeared in the 1980’s, it originated from an older model known as the “costume museum”. Thus I intend to undertake a study on the “fashion museum” using the observable phenomenon of the museum itself. To do so, this project inscribes the “fashion museum” in a long patrimonial tradition, demonstrating the conditions of its emergence and the trajectory that dress collections followed within the broader museum landscape, including the development of other forms of museums, from the first “costume museum” to the fashion museum of today. While, until now, researchers have determined a turning point between the dress and the fashion museology in the 1970’s, I distinguish four regimes of heritage investment in clothing collection, result in edge of a museology of the vestimentary patrimony. This study aims to reveal the trajectory that dress collections followed within the broader museum landscape, and to explain the characteristic of a museology in the making: decompartmentalization of collections, transcultural exhibitions, tranversal and interdisciplinary discourse, and anthropological museography.
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Alexia Fontaine. Conditions d'émergence et développement des collections vestimentaires : patrimonialisation, muséalisation, virtualisation : regards croisés en France - Canada -Québec (XIXe-XXIe siècle). Histoire. Université Charles de Gaulle - Lille III, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LIL30060⟩. ⟨tel-01654615⟩

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