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Post-lesion plasticity of the Olivocerebellar pathway : molecular mechanism underlying the climbing fibre re-innervation of Purkinje cells

Abstract : In the olivocerebellar pathway (OCP) the afferent climbing fibres (CFs), which are the terminal axon projections of the inferior olivary nucleus (ION), innervate cerebellar Purkinje cells (PCs). Following unilateral transection of mature OCP, the addition of the neurotrophic factor BDNF into the denervated cerebellum induces functional CF reinnervation of PCs. What mechanism underlies the BDNF-activated plastic window in the mature OCP and whether recapitulates developmental plasticity remains unknown. Using an optimized ex vivo model of the mouse OCP, we have found that the addition of BDNF into the de-afferented hemicerebellum induces both the outgrowth and elongation of transverse branches from intact CFs. This BDNF-induced plastic response is mediated by the up-regulation of the expression of transcription factor Pax3 in the intact ION. Increased pax3 gene in the ION up-regulates polysialic acid-neural cell adhesion molecule (PSA-NCAM), most likely in the olivocerebellar axons, which was found to be necessary and sufficient for CF reinnervation to PCs. We propose that the BDNF-activated plastic mechanism in the mature OCP involves the afferent Pax3 and PSA-NCAM, which underlies the sprouting of CFs and their appropriate recognition of denervated PCs. Early postnatal OCP shows a spontaneous plasticity following lesion that compensates anatomically and functionally for PC denervation. Using our ex vivo model of the OCP, we found that developmental post-lesion plasticity intrinsically activates and depends on the expression of Pax3 and PSA-NCAM. These results suggest that BDNF treatment in mature OCP reactivates some steps of developmental plasticity mechanisms.
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Juan Sebastián Jara. Post-lesion plasticity of the Olivocerebellar pathway : molecular mechanism underlying the climbing fibre re-innervation of Purkinje cells. Neurons and Cognition [q-bio.NC]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016PA066396⟩. ⟨tel-01654474⟩

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