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Composites semi-conducteurs pour l'éclairage

Abstract : Luminescent organic phases that are embedded in a conductive inorganicmatrix is proposed in this study for the active layer of a hybrid light-emitting diode. Inthis composite, the organic dye acts as the radiative recombination site for chargecarriers that are injected into the inorganic ambipolar transporting matrix. As one ofthe candidate material combinations, bilayer and composite thin films of ZnSe and ared iridium complex (Ir(BPA)) organic light emitter were prepared in situ via UHVthermal evaporation technique. The energy band alignments measured byphotoelectron spectroscopy (PES) for the ZnSe/Ir(BPA) bilayer and ZnSe+Ir(BPA)composite reveal that the HOMO and LUMO of the organic dye are positioned in theZnSe bandgap. This lineup provides the required energetic driving forces for electronand hole transfers from ZnSe to Ir(BPA). By interpreting PES data, the chemicalcomposition of the interfaces were also determined. The ZnSe/Ir(BPA) interface isreactive even though it is of high material purity. Meanwhile, the Ir(BPA)/ZnSeinterface does not exhibit material purity. This is accounted to the nature of ZnSeevaporation as individual Zn and Se2 fluxes, coupled with chemical interactions withthe Ir(BPA) substrate. The interface is, thereby, composed of an abundance of Se0phases, sparse ZnSe phases, reduced Se and oxidized dye molecules, and Znatoms that are intercalated into the Ir(BPA) substrate. PES of the ZnSe+Ir(BPA)composites reveals similar trends to the Ir(BPA)/ZnSe interface. A faded areal andintermittent red light emissions were observed from devices that incorporatedalternating layer sequences of ZnSe and Ir(BPA) for the active layer.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01654473, version 1

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Mariel Grace Jama. Composites semi-conducteurs pour l'éclairage. Material chemistry. Université de Bordeaux, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015BORD0207⟩. ⟨tel-01654473⟩

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