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L'Encomienda d'Indiens de Copiapo : un processus de disparition ethnique aux marges du Royaume du Chili, 1544-1806

Abstract : The purpose of this work is to study the history of Copiapo Indians ethnic group, situated in Chile, specifically in the valley of Copiapo, in the southern borders of the Atacama Desert. Thus the treaty period (1544-1806) follows the development of this group during the Colony, from its birth as an encomienda to its disappearance. Indeed, this group appears on the time that the governor of the Kingdom of Chile, Don Pedro de Valdivia decided to entrust all the inhabitants of the valley on a single encomienda, which were previously an ethnic group, transforming them into fiscal persons and servant Indians, and taken to live under the political and economic tutelage of their encomenderos, uprooted from the majority of their ancestral territory. This legal system and its application in Chile in general, and specifically in Copiapo, triggered a series of ruptures at the level of the social structures of this group: rapid population decline, loss of community lands, changing political forms, loss of language and religion. Through the study of the development of these various processes, we show how this ethnic group disappeared, having lost the feature set of its identity and the means that would have allowed them to rebuild as a community.Keywords :
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Enrique Cortés Larravide. L'Encomienda d'Indiens de Copiapo : un processus de disparition ethnique aux marges du Royaume du Chili, 1544-1806. Sociologie. Université de la Sorbonne nouvelle - Paris III; Universidad de Chile, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PA030170⟩. ⟨tel-01654427⟩

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