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Problématisation, investigations et apprentissages dans les sciences de la vie. : Etude didactico-pédagogique des conditions de possibilité pour des investigations empiriques problématisantes, dans deux domaines biologiques : nutrition et reproduction végétales.

Abstract : For several years now, and with reference to the rationalist epistemology of Bachelard, Canguilhem and Popper, the relationship between problem, scientific knowledge and learning is the focus of extensive educational research. Language holds a first choice place at the heart of this interaction, which explains more particularly the importance given to scientific debate, and whose representation of the outcome, in terms of problematizing activity, is enabled by creating “spaces of constraints and needs”, which build on the fundamental distinction of an empirical thesaurus and the thesaurus of the model [or the models], and also on the equally fundamental distinction of the apodictic and assertoric, that is what is the contingency and the necessary. Furthermore, though the scientific debate seems centered around the construction of the problem at stake, another question is raised, within the conceptual framework of problematization that we mobilize, the very function of empirical investigations, according to their own structure : are still involved in the construction of the problem at stake and, where appropriate, under what conditions ? Based on these recent findings, this research work aims at the conceptualization, the implementation and the analysis of two teaching-learning science sequence, in a class of year 9 and 10, so as to highlight some elements which may participate in the scientific case of problematization to be surveyed, more particularly in the articulation of the construction to solve the problem at stake.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01651118
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 28, 2017 - 4:41:49 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, October 31, 2019 - 3:15:13 AM

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Francois Xavier Beuve. Problématisation, investigations et apprentissages dans les sciences de la vie. : Etude didactico-pédagogique des conditions de possibilité pour des investigations empiriques problématisantes, dans deux domaines biologiques : nutrition et reproduction végétales.. Education. Normandie Université, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017NORMC010⟩. ⟨tel-01651118⟩

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