High quality adaptive rendering of complex photometry virtual environments

Arthur Dufay 1, 2
1 MANAO - Melting the frontiers between Light, Shape and Matter
LaBRI - Laboratoire Bordelais de Recherche en Informatique, Inria Bordeaux - Sud-Ouest, LP2N - Laboratoire Photonique, Numérique et Nanosciences
Abstract : Image synthesis for movie production never stopped evolving over the last decades. It seems it has reached a level of realism that cannot be outperformed. However, the software tools available for visual effects (VFX) artists still need to progress. Indeed, too much time is still wasted waiting for results of long computations, especially when previewing VFX. The delays or poor quality of previsualization software poses a real problem for artists. However, the evolution of graphics processing units (GPUs) in recent years suggests a potential improvement of these tools. In particular, by implementing hybrid rasterization/ray tracing algorithms, taking advantage of the computing power of these processors and their massively parallel architecture. This thesis explores the different software bricks needed to set up a complex rendering pipeline on the GPU, that enables a better previsualization of VFX. Several contributions have been brought during this thesis. First, a hybrid rendering pipeline was developed (cf. Chapter 2). Subsequently, various implementation schemes of the Path Tracing algorithm have been tested (cf. Chapter 3), in order to increase the performance of the rendering pipeline on the GPU. A spatial acceleration structure has been implemented (cf. Chapter 4), and an improvement of the traversal algorithm of this structure on GPU has been proposed (cf. Section 4.3.2). Then, a new sample decorrelation method, in the context of random number generation was proposed (cf. Section 5.4) and resulted in a publication [Dufay et al., 2016]. Finally, we combined the Path Tracing algorithm with the Many Lights solution, always with the aim of improving the preview of global illumination. This thesis also led to the submission of three patents and allowed the development of two software tools presented in Appendix A.
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Arthur Dufay. High quality adaptive rendering of complex photometry virtual environments. Other [cs.OH]. Université de Bordeaux, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017BORD0692⟩. ⟨tel-01649868⟩

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