Verres, vitrocéramiques et céramiques à base de TeO₂ pour l'optique

Abstract : In order to provide an answer to the growing need in means of communication, the research is pushed towards the development of all-optical or electro-optical systems for fast detection, storage or transfer of information. Meanwhile, the actual systems suffers from “long” time-response (10-9 to 10-10 s) compared to those based on nonlinear optical phenomena such as Second Harmonic Generation (SHG). Amongst a wide choice of nonlinear optical materials, TeO2-based glasses are interesting candidates because of their high nonlinear response (50 times that of silica) and their high optical transparency in the visible and near-IR range. Moreover, glasses exhibit essential qualities for the development of such systems : low cost, ease of fabrication and a wide range of chemical composition compared to single crystals. Yet, the lack of second order nonlinear susceptibility in glassy materials because of their isotropy makes them incapable to generate the frequency-doubling of a light beam. Thus, this PhD thesis consisted in the elaboration of transparent glass-ceramics by in situ crystallization or incorporation of non-centrosymmetric crystals (which generates SHG) using non-conventional technics, the tellurite glasses studied showing evidence of surface crystallization due to heterogeneous nucleation. Finally, we also investigated the elaboration of transparent TeO2-based ceramics by congruent crystallization of glass.
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Anthony Bertrand. Verres, vitrocéramiques et céramiques à base de TeO₂ pour l'optique. Matériaux. Université de Limoges, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LIMO0086⟩. ⟨tel-01647209⟩

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