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Analyse comparative des contrats pétroliers iraniens et des contrats de partage de production

Abstract : Iranian oil contracts are usually Buy-back contracts, but should evolved as IPC, away from the traditional model Production Sharing Agreement. A Buy-back contract is essentially a service contract under which a foreign company develops an oil or gas resource. The company is repaid by the revenues of the project, but does not share in the project outcome after being repaid. Production sharing agreements are contracts, in which the international oil company as a contractor has the right to exploration and exploitation in a specific area and within a specific period. Finally, the oil product of the field in question is shared between the national company and the foreign oil company as agreed upon under the terms of contract. One question which needs to be carefully examined pertains to the types of contracts which allow the reconciliation of the interests of host countries and those of foreign companies. This is in these the main issue, which arises in relation to oil contracts. Each type of contracts takes a different form depending on the way they meet these two requirements. Iran has often preferred Buy-back contracts. Buy-back contracts, considered most consistent with the Iranian laws, have been subject to criticism. Highlighting these gaps, some critics propose substituting Buy-back agreements whit production sharing agreements, which are most commonly used in the world. The effectiveness of such reform is, however, questionable. Improving Buy-back contracts would, arguably, be more appropriate.
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Seyed Hossein Tabatabaei. Analyse comparative des contrats pétroliers iraniens et des contrats de partage de production. Droit. Université Nice Sophia Antipolis, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016NICE0015⟩. ⟨tel-01647207⟩

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