Experimental constraints on rheology during eclogite-facies metamorphic reactions

Abstract : The origin of intermediate-depth seismicity has been debated for decades, because its formation at elevated depths cannot be explained by classic rock fracture and friction theory. Geophysical and field observations demonstrate that intermediate-depth earthquakes occur in hydrous rocks of the subducting oceanic crust as well as in nominally anhydrous rocks of the lower continental crust. n subduction zones the eclogitization of blueschist correlates very well with the relocation of intermediate-depth earthquakes forming the upper Wadati-Benioff plane and in continent-continent collision zones seismicity is recorded in areas of partially eclogitized granulites. The aim of this thesis is to experimentally investigate the potential of metamorphic reactions during eclogitization on the formation of intermediate-depth earthquakes in the oceanic and the continental crust. For the deformation experiments (D-DIA and Griggs) natural samples, were selected to study the eclogitization of blueschist and granulite in the laboratory. Experimental results on all investigated samples demonstrate that densification during eclogite-facies reaction plays a key role to enable faulting accompanied by acoustic emissions in the laboratory. In blueschist samples the breakdown of glaucophane during the transition from lawsonite-blueschist to lawsonite-eclogite acts as trigger for brittle failure. This is in good agreement with the relocation and frequency of natural intermediate-depth earthquakes of the upper Wadati-Benioff-plane. The preliminary results on granulite deformation show that the breakdown of plagioclase, accompanied by a pronounced volume decrease, weakens the sample to enable brittle failure at high-pressure/high-temperature conditions. Also these results match very well with geophysical and field observations. Gutenberg-Richter distribution of the acoustic emissions reveal that the events recorded during deformation follow the same physical law as earthquakes in nature. Together with the good correlation to natural observation we conclude that natural seismic events are caused by the same underlying mechanisms as our small lab-earthquakes. Based on the experimental results on various natural rock samples we propose densification in conjunction with grain-size reduction during eclogitization as a common weakening mechanism for intermediate-depth earthquakes in lower crustal rocks.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadatas

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01628809
Contributor : Abes Star <>
Submitted on : Saturday, November 4, 2017 - 5:15:08 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 5, 2019 - 8:11:39 PM
Long-term archiving on : Monday, February 5, 2018 - 12:24:30 PM

File

pdfa_RDbQ5yDP.pdf
Version validated by the jury (STAR)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-01628809, version 1

Collections

Citation

Sarah Incel. Experimental constraints on rheology during eclogite-facies metamorphic reactions. Earth Sciences. PSL Research University, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017PSLEE020⟩. ⟨tel-01628809⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

390

Files downloads

229