Fabriquer des centralités marchandes dans le monde arabe : étude comparée de deux quartiers-marchés du commerce transnational au Caire et à Oran

Abstract : This PhD dissertation proposes an urban analysis of two globalized marketplaces embedded in transnational circulation of small commodity products made in Asia: al-Mūskī, Cairo (Egypt) and Medina J’dida, Oran (Algeria). It aims at showing how globalization deeply transforms urban settings in the Arab world by offering a rescaling, in order to grasp the complex interactions between the local and the global. It focuses on the inconspicuous urban agencies, and among them the Algerian and Egyptian transnational entrepreneurs, whose economic, social and spatial strategies contribute actively to the making of the city.First, it shows that previous urban and commercial frameworks contribute in both marketplaces to the advent of globalization. Transnational trade takes place in two ancient commercial centralities which operate at different spatial scales, and participates in their upgrading. Secondly, it stresses that made-in-China goods import deeply modifies the spatial organization of both markets and their commercial cityscape. With these goods are also imported new cultural models – which concern both consumption practices of working-class and low medium-class consumers – and commercial urban development. In fact, transnational entrepreneurs are the source of a dynamic urban renewal with the construction of new shopping malls which are one of the indicators of economic and cultural globalization in progress. The commercial city has thus become a valuable resource which private and public agencies are fighting for. Finally, this dissertation argues that urban governance and urban settings of these marketplaces result from the encounter of the logics of both institutions and of ordinary city-dwellers. This situation thus challenges the categories of “formal” and “informal” applied to the city.
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Anne Bouhali. Fabriquer des centralités marchandes dans le monde arabe : étude comparée de deux quartiers-marchés du commerce transnational au Caire et à Oran. Géographie. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016TOU20108⟩. ⟨tel-01623192⟩

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