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Multifield approach and interface locating method for two-phase flows in nuclear power plant

Abstract : Bubbly flows occurring in nuclear power plants remain a major limiting phenomenon for the analysis of operation and safety. As an example, the improvement of steam generator lifetime and performance relies on the comprehension of flow regimes inside the tubes responsible for tube vibrations. However, to ensure an accurate simulation of these flows, theComputational Multi-Fluid Dynamics (CMFD) codes have to take up many challenges, among others the ability of dealing with a variety of inclusion sizes. The classical two-fluid model allows simulating small spherical inclusions but is not able to compute large deformable inclusions. Thus, in this thesis, a new approach, called the multifield approach, is implementedin the CMFD code NEPTUNE_CFD, based on a two-fluid model. This approach includes an interface tracking method for large and deformable structures and takes into account turbulence and phase change effects.To simulate such complex flows with reasonable computational costs, the multifield approach considers separately the small spherical inclusions and the large deformable ones. Thus, the small spherical structures are defined as a dispersed field evolving in a continuous carrier field, as usually done in the two-fluid model. The large deformable bubbles are considered as interfaces between two continuous phases treated as two different fields in the two-fluid model. In the example of a two-phase flow with water and air bubbles of different sizes, three fields are defined: a continuous liquid field, a continuous gas field and a dispersed gas field containing the small spherical bubbles. However, the accurate simulation of interfaces between the two continuous fields within the two-fluid model requires specific treatments to couple the two fields at the interface and to limit the interface smearing.After improving the interface simulation in laminar flows, turbulence effects are investigated. An a priori Large Eddy Simulation (LES) study is performed to identify the predominant subgrid terms and to compare different availableturbulence models. The implementation and validation of the most suitable model is proposed. Phase change interfaces are then explored with the development of a specific model for the mass transfer term. Finally, three fields simulations are performed. New criteria are defined for the breakup of the large deformable inclusions into small spherical bubbles and for the coalescence of the latter forming large deformable bubbles.Validation at each step of the models implementations are presented using analytical and experimental data to ensure that the physical phenomena are well predicted. Test cases in industrial configurations are finally performed to show the ability of the developed approach to deal with complex flows
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Solène Fleau. Multifield approach and interface locating method for two-phase flows in nuclear power plant. Physics [physics]. Université Paris-Est, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017PESC1081⟩. ⟨tel-01621735⟩

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