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Proteomic studies of the hid1Δ and hid3Δ mutants of Schizosaccharomyces pombe

Abstract : Schizosaccharomyces pombe has become an important model system to study physiological, biochemical and genetic processes in humans. This work is part of a continuing project to study how altered Golgi function contributes to diseases, such as cancer, or causes of genetic abnormalities. The HID-1 protein of C. elegans and humans are peripheral membrane proteins of the Golgi apparatus and are part of the DYMECLIN superfamily of proteins. Animals have both a HID1 and a DYM gene. In C. elegans, HID-1 maintains normal cellular growth and in humans reduced expression of HID1 has been implicated in tumour proliferation. Loss of DYM in humans leads to skeletal deformation and potentially mental retardation. S. pombe has three HID-1 orthologues, but no DYM. In contrast, many unicellular and multicellular eukaryotes have only DYM. S. pombe mutants lacking Hid1 and Hid3 were sensitive to oxidative stress and growth of hid3Δ was stopped in standard minimal media. Insensitivity of hid3Δ to brefeldin A but sensitivity to golgicide A demonstrated that Hid3 operates in anterograde protein transport through the Golgi. In order to investigate reports that protein turnover might be altered in hid3Δ, I undertook a proteomics study using label-free protein quantification. Up-regulation of the MAPK stress signalling pathway demonstrated that cells were under a state of stress under standard growth conditions. In addition, protein components of Ras signalling, microtubule dynamics and chromatin remodelling were altered potentially affecting a wide variety of processes from cell cycle regulation to metabolism.
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Abdulrahman Alasmari. Proteomic studies of the hid1Δ and hid3Δ mutants of Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Genetics. Université de Bordeaux, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015BORD0142⟩. ⟨tel-01617018⟩

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