Stabilization of a class of nonlinear systems with passivity properties

Abstract : In this thesis we address the problem of stabilization of nonlinear systems. In particular, we focus on models where the energy plays a fundamental role. This energy-based framework is suitable to capture the phenomena of several physical domains, such as mechanical systems, electrical systems, hydraulic systems, etc. The starting point in the proposed controllers are the concepts of passive system, passive outputs and energy (storage) functions. In this work we study two classes of dynamical systems, namely port-Hamiltonian (PH) and Euler-Lagrange (EL), which are suitable to represent many physical processes. A first step towards the controller design is to show the passivity of the PH systems and the characterization of their passive outputs. Thereafter, we explore the use of the different passive outputs in two well-known passivity-based control (PBC) techniques, that is control by interconnection (CbI) and energy balancing (EB), and we compare the obtained results in both approaches. In addition, we propose a novel methodology in which the controller consists in a proportional (P), an integral (I) and, possibly, a derivative (D) term of the passive output. In this approach the energy of the closed-loop system is shaped without the necessity of solving partial differential equations (PDEs). We analyze the scenario of the PID controller using the different passive outputs previously characterized. Finally, we apply a PID-PBC scheme recently proposed in the literature to a complex mechanical system, namely an ultra flexible inverted pendulum, which is represented as a constrained EL model. The controller design, the stability proof, as well as simulations and experimental results are presented to show the applicability of this technique to physical systems.
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Luis Pablo Borja Rosales. Stabilization of a class of nonlinear systems with passivity properties. Automatic. Université Paris-Saclay, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017SACLS179⟩. ⟨tel-01616525⟩

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