L'œuvre de Victor Hugo en Russie et en URSS

Abstract : Victor Hugo was one of the most published and well-known foreign writers in USSR. We will analyse the dissimination and the reception of his works in Russia, USSR and post-soviet Russia. We will pay a special attention to the way Victor Hugo joined the Russian (and then the Soviet) literary pantheon of foreign writers, which made it possible for his works to be widely published.Our methodology is based on the one proposed in the cultural transfers studies (M. Espagne). Thus, we will focus on the process of inclusion of Victor Hugo in the Russian/Soviet culture. The translations, especially the most published ones, came to form what can be described as Victor Hugo’s “Russians works”. The Russian image of Victor Hugo created by translations and critical works also differs from the French one.Soviet works on Victor Hugo in Russia state that Hugo’s works were censored until the Revolution in 1917, although Russian writers showed interest for them, and that they began to be widely published only after 1917. However, Victor Hugo joined the Russian literary pantheon as early as the turn of the 20th century, consolidating his place after the Revolution. In Soviet times Victor Hugo and his works underwent a process of reinterpretation that might seem cardinal at first sight, but occurs to be quite superficial indeed.
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Myriam Truel. L'œuvre de Victor Hugo en Russie et en URSS. Littératures. Université Charles de Gaulle - Lille III, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LIL30004⟩. ⟨tel-01614752v2⟩

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