Vehicles as a mobile cloud : modelling, optimization and performance analysis

Abstract : The large diffusion of handheld devices is leading to an exponential growth of the mobile traffic demand which is already overloading the core network. To deal with such a problem, several works suggest to store content (files or videos) in small cells or user equipments. In this thesis, we push the idea of caching at the edge a step further, and we propose to use public or private transportation as mobile small cells and caches. In fact, vehicles are widespread in modern cities, and the majority of them could be readily equipped with network connectivity and storage. The adoption of such a mobile cloud, which does not suffer from energy constraints (compared to user equipments), reduces installation and maintenance costs (compared to small cells). In our work, a user can opportunistically download chunks of a requested content from nearby vehicles, and be redirected to the cellular network after a deadline (imposed by the operator) or when her playout buffer empties. The main goal of the work is to suggest to an operator how to optimally replicate content to minimize the load on the core network. The main contributions are: (i) Modelling. We model the above scenario considering heterogeneous content size, generic mobility and a number of other system parameters. (ii) Optimization. We formulate some optimization problems to calculate allocation policies under different models and constraints. (iii) Performance analysis. We build a MATLAB simulator to validate the theoretical findings through real trace-based simulations. We show that, even with low technology penetration, the proposed caching policies are able to offload more than 50 percent of the mobile traffic demand.
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Luigi Vigneri. Vehicles as a mobile cloud : modelling, optimization and performance analysis. Other. Université Côte d'Azur, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017AZUR4055⟩. ⟨tel-01614566⟩

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