Le rôle des États du Sud dans l'encadrement juridique des migrations Sud-Nord et Sud-Sud. L'exemple des États de l'Afrique de l'ouest

Abstract : The South-North and South-South migrations constitute one of the burning hot news today, whereas the supposed legal instruments to control them are unknown by people, and insufficientthy analyzed by lawyers. The role of implied States, regional community agencies and international institutions, is howewer foundamental in the recognition or the refusal of migrant workers’rights. The present thesis identifies two situations which characterize the behavior of many African States since their accession to national and international sovereignty. On the one hand, African States played a role of subordination, with respect to the States of the North (from 1960 to 2006), through which they were satisfied with answering favorably to the migratory policies of Western States, without requiring any counterpart. On the other hand, this study shows a relative emancipation of certain African States since the conclusion of re-admission agreements. Those are States (Senegal and Mali) with older South-North migratory traditions, which require from now on counterparts before the signature of new conventions. The behavior of those States is also influenced by a national opinion more sensitive to the migratory question and a well-educated diaspora strongly settled in the Northen States. Lastly, the survey puts forward contradictions of the West African Community orgazations on the migratory issue. UEMOA and ECOWAS organizations taken out of wice between the promoting freedom of movement and that of right of residence as well as establishment of people in migratory spaces actually competing each other, and ensuring at the same time the role of external guard-borders for the European Union.
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Marcel Kagambega. Le rôle des États du Sud dans l'encadrement juridique des migrations Sud-Nord et Sud-Sud. L'exemple des États de l'Afrique de l'ouest. Droit. Université de bordeaux, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016BORD0451⟩. ⟨tel-01613095⟩

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