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Réticulation dynamique de polymères par des nanobriques inorganiques : nouveaux matériaux hybrides autoréparants et thermoformables

Abstract : A butyltin oxo-cluster macrocation, [(BuSn)12O14(OH)6]AMPS2, has been chosen as the Nano Building Block to create self-healing and malleable materials. The functional ligands enable the cluster to ionically cross-link poly(n-butyl acrylate) chains. The resulting hybrid material is an elastomer possessing properties which enable it to recover from damages: from a few μm depth cut to a dramatic failure. In addition, this material is recyclable, which is an exceptional property for an elastomer. The origin of the dynamic behavior is the ionic interaction between the cluster core and its ligands which are connected by macromolecular chains. Such interactions are strong enough to cross-link the polymer and consequently exhibit rubber-like elasticity behavior as well as render it labile enough to allow dynamic bond recombination leading to a dynamic network. Mechanical properties of the material (DMTA, Tensile Tests, and Relaxation Tests) have been evaluated and verify the macroscopic dynamic nature of the network. DOSY NMR experiments demonstrate the molecular dynamic of the networks, attesting the key role of the cluster.Concentrating on the development of high mechanical modulus materials with dynamic network, copolymers using hard blocks made of polystyrene and soft blocks of poly(n-butyl acrylate) which are cross-linked by the cluster have been synthetized. Such materials have thermo-stimulated healing properties, can be recycled, and are malleable, which is not the case for conventional thermoplastics. This synthesis strategy enables to raise the elastic modulus of the elastomer from 0.1 MPa to 500 MPa while maintaining the co-polymers dynamic properties.
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François Potier. Réticulation dynamique de polymères par des nanobriques inorganiques : nouveaux matériaux hybrides autoréparants et thermoformables. Matériaux. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015PA066323⟩. ⟨tel-01612731⟩

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