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L’encadrement constitutionnel de la révision des circonscriptions électorales - Étude de droit comparé

Abstract : In the framework of representative democracies, the electoral redistricting aims to give jurisdiction to the election of members of parliamentary assemblies. Far from being a neutral and purely administrative measure, as evidenced by the tormented history of gerrymandering, this operation has many consequences on the fairness of election results, the balance of power between political parties, the formation of governmental majorities, and furthermore on the representation of interests, ideas, and values. In connection with the ongoing evolution of mentalities, the principles guiding the implementation of electoral constituencies are experiencing, in the continuity of secular change of government forms, a new metamorphosis tending to bring the people and the government closer together, so as to ultimately reach citizens’ expectations. Thus, electoral districts are expected to be in line with a more ambitious vision of equal representation, which requires not only voting equality but also effective representation and delimitation of parliamentary constituencies subtracted from pressures of political power. This trend, which is common to several legal systems, opens the way for a comparative study focused on four countries with different electoral traditions: the United Kingdom, Canada, the United States of America, and France. Beyond conventional opinions, it will be possible, at the intersection of law and politics, to bring out the many implications that these mutations induce on the consistency of electoral constituencies, on the nature of political representation and, ultimately, on the strengthening and renewal of democracy.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01597538
Contributor : Guillaume Fichet <>
Submitted on : Thursday, September 28, 2017 - 1:40:18 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 4:52:31 PM
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Guillaume Fichet. L’encadrement constitutionnel de la révision des circonscriptions électorales - Étude de droit comparé. Droit. Université Panthéon-Assas Paris II, 2016. Français. ⟨tel-01597538⟩

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